Now, let’s look at an old favorite and a developer that many photographers (including myself) cut their teeth on. 

This is the bench mark developer ID-11/D-76. Both of these developers are pretty much the same formula but are packaged differently, Ilfords ID-11 coming in two bags and Kodak’s D-76 in one. These produce good negatives for all general purpose photography.

When mixing the following formulas take two thirds of the water, add a pinch of the measured Sulfite and dissolve. Add and fully dissolve the Metol. Continue with the rest of the Sulphite and remaining chemicals in the order given. The pinch of Sulfite stops the Metol oxidizing.

Water                        700ml
Metol                         2g
Sodium Sulfite           100g
Hydroquinone            5g
Sodium Tetraborate* 2g
Water to make           1000ml


• This developer can be used as stock or diluted up to 1:3
• Stock: develop film for 5 to 15 mins at 20C dependent on the speed of the film - faster films need more development

For other developing times, at differing dilutions, just multiply by the total number of parts e.g. 5 minutes stock is 20 minutes 1:3 (5 minutes x 4 total number of parts).
This developer became the benchmark by which all other developers are set against, not because it is the best but purely because there had to be one! It’s a great all-rounder and will develop most films well. A jack of all trades but master of none would be a fair description. The original D-76 (as shown above) did have its problems though. It changed alkalinity with time - not a good thing for a developer to do because its activity changes.   D-23 was formulated to overcome these problems and, in my humble opinion, is a better developer. However, if you really want to use ID-11/D-76 then instead change to FX-15 by Crawley. FX-15 is a much improved version of this classic and really does look better.
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