Stand Development | Pictorial Planet

Pictorial Planet

From the author of "The Art of Black and White Developing"

Stand development

Subscribe to our new newsletter!

Stacks Image 5

This is a rather special form of development where, in fact, it doesn’t happen much at all! 

The film develops very slowly. After pouring the dilute developer into the tank, and agitating for the first 30 seconds constantly (which must always be carried out) some developers can be left standing with no agitation at all.

I must be clear, not many developers can be used this way. Try this with D-76 and it will just stop developing completely and your negatives will be ruined. However, work well and developers can just keep going and going, even at very low concentrations.
These ‘stand’ developers are usually very dilute indeed. An example would be Rodinal diluted at 1 part developer to 200 parts water (1:200) or even 1 part developer to 300 parts water (1:300) where the film will stand for an hour or more.

Another good example is 510 Pyro that can be used to develop this way at 1:500 dilution. Now that's dilute!
Some two-bath developers require you to stand the film in the second bath for 3 or 4 minutes with no disturbance. Just remember that after either the initial agitation (as in the Rodinal example) or pouring in bath B (as in the two-bath formula) that you rap the tank two or three times to dislodge those bubbles sticking to the emulsion. 

One final word to the wise. Test this technique on some inconsequential photographs first. Don't ruin those great shots without getting used to it first.

All content copyright © John Finch 2018 All Rights Reserved. All Trademarks acknowledged. E&OE Contact Me