Pictorial Planet

FX-15 Crawley’s D-76


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Photograph developed with 510-pyro
FX-15 should probably be thought of as a better D-76. It has similar grain qualities but is sharper and, in my opinion, has that Crawley tonal range you only get from a well balanced developer. It can be used as stock or diluted up to 1+3 (which is recommended for T-grain and Delta films).

If you're a D-76 user (or HC-110) and want to improve the quality of your negatives then give this a try!

As I said, the FX-15 formula is basically a better D-76. It offers enhanced acutance but, unlike many other acutance developers, does not compress the mid tones (an unfortunate effect of Buetler, FX-1 and FX-2). Instead, FX-15 gives a full range of tones from rich detailed shadows through delicate highlights and everything in between. All this is achieved while exhibiting fine sharp grain and gorgeous edge effects and Mackie lines. This is far from the mushier grain of other fine-grain developers like D-76 and D-23. The formula should last 6 months or more in a tightly stoppered bottle.

FX-15 used full strength is appropriate for a softer portraiture images of full delicate mid tones but diluted from 1+1 up to 1+3 it works well for landscape work where shadows and highlights need a nice contrast. Of course, FX-15, well diluted, will also offer an element of compensation in the highlights to subdue those skies and keep them in a printable range.

Remember, 1+3 is also the recommended dilution for T-Max and Delta films.

For developing times, start about halfway between D-76 and Microphen for your film of choice.

FX-15 Stock

Warm water 700 ml
Metol 3.5g
Sodium sulphite Anhyd. 100g
Phenidone 0.1g
Hydroquinone 2.25g
Sodium bisulphite 0.5g
Borax 2.5g
Sodium carbonate Anhyd 1g
Potassium bromide 0.5g
Water to make 1 ltr

Development times

Stock - Developing times start about halfway between D-76 and Microphen for your film of choice.

PAN F + 5:30
FP4+ 6:30
HP5+ 9
Delta 100 8
Delta 400 9
Delta 3200 10
SFX 10
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